Achieving unanimity of opinion on any issue is not easy as part of diplomacy. When an international conference takes place, different countries are bound to voice their views, getting engaged in wordy duels and the conference washing off its hands without issuing a joint declaration was very much observed.
The G-20 conference was held in India on September 8, 9 and 10. The diplomatic policy pursued by India led to mingling with all nations and ensured that there was no cacophony at the event and the country made member nations accept the declaration, reflecting the leadership qualities of Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
Earlier, G-20 summit was confined to a nation’s capital or one region. But, in the past one year of Modi becoming chairman of the G-20 nations; the G-20 summit was taken even to the people of the remotest areas by convening the conferences in 58 cities of various states.
Modi is bold to declare that the objective of holding the G-20 nations is Vasudaiva Kutumbam or ‘One Earth. One Family. One Future.’ The G-20 New Delhi Declaration, which is shaped as per the aspirations of Modi, explained the participant countries the greatness of the ancient values of the peace-loving country like India.
The G-20 summit’s declaration was contrary to the declaration issued by the G-7 summit held at Bali, the capital of Indonesia, last year which saw the USA and the European Union nations abusing Russia in severe tone for its fault of going to war with Ukraine.
At the same time, the G-20 summit declaration cannot afford to abstain from ridiculing the Russian attack on Ukraine. The declaration made it clear that it is not proper on the part of any country to vitiate political freedom of any nation and violate its sovereignty.
Russia approved the spirit of the declaration knowing full well that the summit ridiculed it in a severe tone. The 83-para declaration, of which eight paragraphs were devoted to Russia-Ukraine war, was successful in achieving unanimity on several crucial issues.
All nations have agreed to the proposal that they should reach a greenery development agreement for the stable and safe future of people of the world nations.
All nations have agreed to the idea that they should prepare an action plan to reach the millennium goals prescribed by UN.
Leaders of member nations have agreed to Narendra Modi’s objective to end corruption in world adopting zero-tolerance policy towards it.
The member nations decided to develop strong digital technology to create much-needed infrastructural amenities for the people.
The nations decided to prepare a road map to establish multilateral development banks. It would check the crypto currency and would be helpful in checking economic crisis in developing nations.
The declaration welcomed the Indian initiative of inviting African Union nations to join G-20 nations.
Moreover, the declaration decided to strengthen the primary healthcare and emergency medicare on a large scale in the next two or three years. The participant nations agreed to the idea of devising the digital health programme to mobilise resources to share knowledge among member nations on health sector.
In the light of the Covid-19 rocking world, all member countries have recognised the need for creation of a forum under the aegis of UNO to find various solutions.
Several member nations praised Modi for the success of Chandrayan-3.
IMF Managing Director Kristalina Georgieva remarked that the expenditure incurred by India to execute Chandrayan-3 mission was less than that of the budget of the Hollywood film Interstellar.
Several heads of countries, including UK Prime Minister Rishi Sunak, said that India lived up to the axiom Athidi Devo Bhava and extended great hospitality to the participants.
India entered into defence agreements and technology transfer agreements with several countries, including the USA, Germany and France.
Modi conducted 15 bilateral meetings with several heads of nations during the three-day event. The G-20 summit helped develop a sea and railway transport corridor among India, the USA, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Israel and the European Union.
It would be the G-20 summit’s befitting reply to the China’s Belt and Road programme.
Countries having no relations whatsoever with China’s economy will come under the purview of the India-Middle East-Europe Economic Corridor.
India floated Bharat Global-Biofuel Alliance to develop biofuel in association with Argentina, Bangladesh, Brazil, Italy, Mauritius, Singapore and the USA.
India, Brazil and South Africa signed a crucial agreement on the reforms to be implemented in multilateral development banks. India taught a lesson to aggressor China by keeping it aloof with the help of the agreements.
US president Joe Biden appreciated that the agreements help improve basic amenities in poor and middle-level countries. Decisions like the multilateral develop bank would benefit the poor nations creating avenues for making fiscal investments in the whole corridor.
Surprisingly, it became inevitable for the Congress to appreciate G-20 successes. Congress leader Sashi Tharoor lauded the countries unanimously approving the G-20 declaration and called it as a matter of great pride for India.
Opposition leaders first tried to utilise the summit for their political purposes. However, they changed their stand gauzing the response from global nations and Indians lauding the summit.
The Opposition parties have no alternative accept approving the fact that the G-20 summit success proved the image of Modi in global arena. They also realised that his leadership became stronger in the country.